What is GEOtop and how can we use it
GEOtop is a distrubuted Hydrological Model which has been developed by Riccardo Rigon and its team since the late 1990s, a brief history on GEOtop and its first motivations is available on the WhatIs page and a series of slides as shown below.
The original community however is seeking for creating around GEOtop a ecosystem of co-developers and users. In fact from the beginning GEOtop was designed to become a community model, and eventually flowing into major community efforts as the CUAHSI Chymp project. The predicted evolution of the current version of GEOtop into OpenMI components goes in this direction.
Recently GEOtop is applied by research institutions, Universities, Public Agencies for Environment Protection and Private companies dealing with environmental engineering.
In the last years the hydrological research has come up with several models that accurately describe at different time- and spatial scales the exchanges of water, energy and momentum between soil and low atmosphere, in order to understand the hydrological cycle and the interrelated processes. The currently available softwares treat satisfactorily just few parts of the cycle, like the runout or the exchanges of energy and snow, and develop the other parts with approximative empirical formulations, thus resulting incomplete. The open source softawre GEOtop, on the other hand, is a complete physically based model that exhaustively treats both the runout and the energy balance of the snow and the soil. It allows to describe the interaction and the feedbacks between soil and atmosphere in the mountain environment, where the complex topography and the heterogeneity of the territory require an accurate spatial distribution of the driving variables and of the parameters. In particular the model, given the meteorological data and soil parameters in input, allows to know in each point of the domain and in each time:
- the evaporation of the soil
- the transpiration of the vegetation
- the radiation and energy fluxes at the Earth surface
- the pore water pressure in the soil
- the water-table movements in saturated zone
- the water discharge in an outlet
- the temperature and ice content in the soil
- the height and density of the snow
- the mass balance of a glacier
Furthermore, thanks to the post-process software GEOtopFS (GEOtop Factor of Safety), it calculates:
- the dynamic probability of slope instability during a precipitation event
GEOtop is integrated with the GIS environment JGrass, a free open source multi-platform GIS that calculates the topographical features (aspect, slope, drainage directions, river networks...) and initial conditions for GEOtop.
The software may be successfully applied in the following topics :
Go to the following pages:
Download GEOtop : source code and executables
Compile Instructions: How to complile the source code of GEOtop
DEBUGGING GEOtop (gdb, Valgrind)
Some tips about Valgring Use for GEOtop
Debug GEOtop: Instructions to debug GEOtop with GDB and with Eclipse
Getting Started with GEOtop
Other useful scripts for input/output analysis will be soon available.
President of the project: Riccardo Rigon
Administrator of the project: Matteo Dall'Amico
Old and occasional collaborator: EmanueleCordano
Mountain-eering Srl, Spin Off of the University of Trento, Startup of TIS innovation park of Bolzano, Italy. The company is specialized in simulations with GEOtop on catchments for every applications, and provides also consultance on tailored programming for specific requirements.
Department of Civil and Environmental Enginnering (group of prof. Riccardo Rigon), University of Trento, Italy
the Albertson Lab, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Duke University, Durham, US (Tan Zi)
Go to the GEOtop Team page for more information
Support & development
You can have direct support by subscribing to the following mailing list:
MailinglistUsers: subscribe and read discussion in the users mailing lists of GEOtop
MailinglistDevelopers: subscribe and read discussion in the developers mailing lists of GEOtop
In order to subscribe:
click on eSubscribe and follow the instructions;
send an email to the moderator: firstname.lastname@example.org describing who you are, where you work and why you are using GEOtop. This is just for internal statistics and for good behavior purpose.
Old GEOtop Wiki
Go the old wiki frontpage
When using GEOtop, please cite the following paper: R. Rigon, G. Bertoldi, T. M. Over, GEOtop: A Distributed Hydrological Model with Coupled Water and Energy Budgets., Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 7, No. 3, pages 371-388, June 2006
Additional Software, packages, utilities
Boussinesq Model : 2D numerical solver for subsurface flow Boussinesq-like equation in a catchment. Work in progress.
New_GEOtop_Wiki : visit the new homepage under construction.
PostgreSql: the database support
PostGis: the geospatial support for Postgesql database
TrentoP: un modello geomorfologico per lo studio del drenaggio urbano.
GEOtop HPC (high performance computing)
MPI : install libraries
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